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MariaDB Dialects

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Starting with Hibernate ORM 5.2.8, MariaDB gets its own Hibernate dialects.

About MariaDB

MariaDB is a MySQL fork that emerged in 2009 as a drop-in replacement for MySQL. While for a while, MariaDB and MySQL offered similar functionalities, with time, both MariaDB and MySQL have diverged.

For this reason, we created the HHH-11457 issue, which is fixed in the Hibernate ORM 5.2.8.

Dialect variants

For the moment, you can use one of the following two options:

MariaDBDialect

which is the base class for all MariaDB dialects and it works with any MariaDB version

MariaDB53Dialect

which is intended to be used with MariaDB 5.3 or newer versions

In time, we will add new Dialects based on newer capabilities introduced by MariaDB.

Connection properties

While to connect to a MySQL application, the connection properties look as follows:

  • 'db.dialect' : 'org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL57InnoDBDialect',

  • 'jdbc.driver': 'com.mysql.jdbc.Driver',

  • 'jdbc.user' : 'hibernate_orm_test',

  • 'jdbc.pass' : 'hibernate_orm_test',

  • 'jdbc.url' : 'jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1/hibernate_orm_test'

For MariaDB, the connection properties look like this:

  • 'db.dialect' : 'org.hibernate.dialect.MariaDB53Dialect',

  • 'jdbc.driver': 'org.mariadb.jdbc.Driver',

  • 'jdbc.user' : 'hibernate_orm_test',

  • 'jdbc.pass' : 'hibernate_orm_test',

  • 'jdbc.url' : 'jdbc:mariadb://127.0.0.1/hibernate_orm_test'

While the URL includes the mariadb database identifier, the MariaDB53Dialect supports Time and Timestamp with microsecond precision, just like MySQL57InnoDBDialect.

Conclusion

If you are using MariaDB, it’s best to use the MariaDB-specific Dialects from now on since it’s much easier to match the MariaDB version with its appropriate Hibernate Dialect.

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