During my talk at VoxxedVienna on using Hibernate Search with Elasticsearch earlier this week, there was an interesting question which I couldn’t answer right away:

"When running a full-text query with a projection of fields, is it possible to return the result as a list of POJOs rather than as a list of arrays of Object?"

The answer is: Yes, it is possible, result transformers are the right tool for this.

Let’s assume you want to convert the result of a projection query against the VideoGame entity shown in the talk into the following DTO (data transfer object):

public static class VideoGameDto {

    private String title;
    private String publisherName;
    private Date release;

    public VideoGameDto(String title, String publisherName, Date release) {
        this.title = title;
        this.publisherName = publisherName;
        this.release = release;

    // getters...

This is how you could do it via a result transformer:

FullTextEntityManager ftem = ...;

QueryBuilder qb = ftem.getSearchFactory()
    .forEntity( VideoGame.class )

FullTextQuery query = ftem.createFullTextQuery(
        .onField( "tags" )
        .matching( "round-based" )
    .setProjection( "title", "publisher.name", "release" )
    .setResultTransformer( new BasicTransformerAdapter() {
        public VideoGameDto transformTuple(Object[] tuple, String[] aliases) {
            return new VideoGameDto( (String) tuple[0], (String) tuple[1], (Date) tuple[2] );
    } );

List<VideoGameDto> results = query.getResultList();

I’ve pushed this example to the demo repo on GitHub.

There are also some ready-made implementations of the ResultTransformer interface which you might find helpful. So be sure to check out its type hierarchy. For this example I found it easiest to extend BasicTransformerAdapter and implement the transformTuple() method by hand.

To the person asking the question: Thanks, and I hope this answer is helpful to you!

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